Here is the week’s top stories about Effect of Occupational Stress on Teacher Effectiveness.
The effectiveness of the educational system largely depends upon the active, resourceful and competent teachers. Are you agree that an occupational stress effect on Teacher effectiveness. if not then read this article carefully.
An effective teacher not only impart the entire educational curricula allotted to him in best and most efficient manner but also ensure the best possible academic performance and an optimum development of the personalities to the student.
Let Start to know the Effect Of Occupational Stress On Teacher Effectiveness
In the present scenario when there is a fierce competition in every sphere of life, effectiveness of teacher becomes imperative to empower the students for facing the emerging challenges of global world. There are many factors which influence the effectiveness of intelligence, attitude towards teaching, experience, academic qualification, personality, mental health etc.
Occupational stress is a stress involving work stress is defined in term of its physical and psychological effects on a person, and can be mental physical or emotional strain. It can also be a tension or a situation or factor that can cause stress. A teacher is the medium through which objective and plans can be actualized.
For this, teacher must have sound mental and physical health. Teaching is a profession where every day radical changes occur in the educational system. These changes are likely to increase rather that reduce the level of stress in teachers.
Occupational stress is a growing problem world wide, which results substantial loss both to employees and organizations [Cotton and Hart 2003] [Jaruis : 2002 definition]
Occupational stress has been defined as a situation where occupational related factor interact with the employees in a manner that disrupts or enhances his/her psychological conditions forcing them to deviate from normal functioning [Jarvis: 2002]
Effective teachers take personally responsibility for students learning, determines the difficulty of the lesion with the ability of the students, give the opportunities to students to practice newly learned concepts, provide direction and control of students learning use a variety of instructional, verbal methodology and visual aids and provide methods of learning with mental strategies for organizing and learning the context being thought teacher effectiveness has been operationally define as an effective teacher who has clear concept of the subject matter, ability to write clear objectives for his/her course, ability to organize learning materials, ability to communicate his/her knowledge to the students successfully, and to deal with classroom situations.
Harrison (1962) says, “Most effective teacher is one who is most intelligent, is most adequately adjusted and has greatest strength of character. Hence teacher effectiveness is concerned with the relationship between the characteristics of teachers, teaching act and their effects on the educational outcomes of classroom teaching, effects on pupils have long been accepted as relevant criterion dimension of teaching effectiveness pupils growth, change, gain development learning and the like had often been considered as the ultimate criteria of effective teachers.”
(Selye 1974), stress has been defined as “the state manifested by the specific syndrome, which consists of all the non-specific induced changes within a biological system”. Stress is usually thought of in negative terms like causing something bad or distress to the individual. But there is also a positive and pleasant side of stress, leading to good things.
Causes of occupational stress
The factor that lead to stress at the workplace are categorized mainly into four by summers et. al. (1994) (viz), personal characteristics organizational characteristics, structural and organizational characteristics, procedural and role characteristics.
The major cause of occupational stress enumerated by Apex (1985) are:
Environmental factors: Poor working environment may cause or add to job stress.
Job design faults: Poor job design, resulting in incorrect pace of work or under utilization of skills, can cause stress.
Employer – employee relationships: fundamental organizations evoke feeling of apprehensions at all levels. Uncertainty surrounding the need for one’s own job in the new system or its possible restructuring with consequent changes in pay, promotion and training etc, inevitably lead to anxiety.
Social isolation: This type of stress refers to the psychological distance between the occupant’s role and other roles in the same role set. It is also defined as role distance, which is different from inter-role distance (IRD), in the sense that while IRD refers to the distance among various roles occupied by the same individual, role isolation (RI) is characterized by the feelings that others do not reach out easily, indicative of the absence of strong linkages of one’s role with others roles.
Failure to solve grievances: There shall be a proper mechanism for the redressal of the complains and grievances raised by employees in any organization set up. Failure to solve the grievances occurs when the management does not respond or when there is lack of proper understanding of the underlying causes and thus threat only the symptoms, other problem may arise because the solutions may be seen to be costly to implement.
Fear of adverse health effects: Unless management handles the fear of potential health risks sensitively and knowledgeably, it can increase the stress out of proportion.
Threat of job losses: Automation is sometimes introduced to cut the staff budget, which may imply that the existing staff is to be axed. Even if this is not the case in an individual library, the plan to automate may create anxiety.