Inclusive Education concept is handy for whom is preparing for NET, CTET, HTET examination. In this topic you will finding that Inclusive Education is magic pedagogy or not.
Inclusion in education is an approach to educating students with special needs, spend most or all of their time with non-disabled students. Implementation of these practices vary. Schools most frequently use them for selected students with mild to severe special needs.
Many children come to the school with problem. A recognition of this and a sensitivity to it is a part of inclusive education. A responsive school climate, which views problems as challenges and not obstacles, is a key factor. The focus is on institutional systems, attitudes, flexibility and responsiveness rather than on special needs child.
In order to provide such a highly developed level of inclusiveness, school have to be willing to work consistently on improving and adapting their pedagogy. It must be a pedagogy which relates to individual needs, institutional resources and to community values, a connective pedagogy.
We have shifted from a sentimental approach to one which concerns entitlement. Schools at work effectively with pupils whose individual needs are significant, tend also to work effectively with a wide range of learners. This produces an efficient learning environment for all.
That is why the time has come for a focus on pedagogy and on how the community can be supportive environment for all. It is a key concern for all schools that seek to be responsive to learning needs.
Inclusive education is in place where each of these five features :
(a) Heterogeneous Grouping
(b) A sense of Belonging to a Group
(c) Share Activities with individualized outcomes
(d) Use of Environments frequented by persons without Disabilities
(e) A Balanced Educational Experience
The emphasis on inclusive education in practice are a most valuable starting point for defining quality inclusive education. It has to involve strategic planning to resource staff development and focused funding and it must be given appropriate status to avoid the current unequal balance between schools which are committed to inclusion and others which protect their league table results.
The way in which positive attitudes are supported and funding is used to provide appropriate resourcing is a central feature of the case study school.
Comparison Among Traditional & Inclusion-Oriented alternatives
1. The teacher is the instructional leader
1. Collaborative teams share leadership
2. Students learn from teachers and teachers solve the problems.
2. Students and teachers learn from each other & solve problems together
3. Students are purposely grouped by similar abilities
3. Children are purposely grouped by differing abilities.
4. Instruction is geared toward middle-achieving students
4. Instruction is geared to match students at all levels of achievement.
5. Instruction is often passive, competitive dialectic, and/or teacher-directed
5. Instruction is active, creative and collaborative among members of the classroom community.
6. Students are evaluate by common standards
6. Students are evaluated by individually appropriate standards.
Examples of Some model of inclusive education:
(i) Push In or Full Inclusion Method
(ii) Wang’s Adapting Learning Environment Model. WALEM
(iii) Team Teaching
(iv) Strategies Intervention Model
(v) Circle of Inclusion Model
The equal importance of cognitive and procedural components to any professional development for inclusive education needs to be addressed for enduring change in the school and the classroom. If school wish to move towards inclusive schooling, members of the administrating team and external school consultants will need carefully to consider the influence of core values of the local commonly and collective values, experienced knowledge and skills of the school staff and the traditional values of the school.
These days inclusive education brought a tremendous changes in teaching methods, strategies and techniques. Through inclusive education in practice lots of students get benefit and bring the change in their behaviours. The most benefits went to the children with special needs. Inclusive education broke down all the barriers of education.